Francisco Franco is Spain's most influential political figure in the 20th century, and an extremely complex politician, military strategist and great dictator in Spanish history. Human nature is complicated. We cannot define Franco’s face-to-face definition. Naturally, we cannot simply define his attitude towards football. It targets the long-popular Internet "Franco regime threatens Barcelona to lose" and "Franco Supporting Real Madrid and fighting against Barcelona" and other issues, the author hopes to talk about these issues through my own reading and thinking.
弗朗西斯科·佛朗哥（Francisco Franco）是20世纪西班牙最具影响力的政治人物，也是西班牙历史上极为复杂的政治家，军事战略家和独裁者。人性是复杂的。我们无法定义Franco的面对面定义。自然，我们不能简单地定义他对足球的态度。它针对的是广受欢迎的互联网“ Franco政权威胁巴塞罗那的失败”和“ Franco支持皇马并与巴塞罗那对抗”等问题，作者希望通过我自己的阅读和思考来谈谈这些问题。
Because of the age, most of the parties involved are ancient, and we can find both pros and cons in all the materials about Franco. There are even Spanish materials that indicate that Franco is a Barcelona fan... The author combines a lot of information from Franco. Brother's personal character, political logic and other aspects will work with everyone to explore more reasonable explanations in order to get closer to the truth.
Franco is a typical conservative military representative on the eve of the Spanish Civil War. He was born in a military family and his mother was a devout Catholic believer. It is hard for Franco to be a traditional conservative military from a family like this. From this point, he is at odds with the more liberal Barcelona temperament. Looking at a historical figure, we cannot look at the praises of his fans, nor can we just believe in the derogatory words of the enemy. It is to judge this person by acting style.
On the eve of the Civil War, the Spanish political system oscillated between a democratic republic and full-time royal power. Right-wing conservative forces composed of aristocratic landlords, senior clergy, and old soldiers were dominant, and Franco tended to conservative forces. In 1936, the Spanish Civil War broke out. Originally, Franco integrated the old soldiers, the royalists, the Phalange (fascist organization) and other forces to gain an advantage over the left-wing alliance, and then he actively sought the support of the German and Italian fascists and won the victory in one fell swoop. From the example of the civil war, we can see that Franco is good at integrating, balancing, using various forces, and his political skills are pragmatic and sophisticated.
Although Franco relied on German and Italian fascist forces to rise to power, he did not completely fall to the Axis powers during World War II. He only opposed the Soviet Union and not the United States and Britain. This laid the political foundation for Spain not being liquidated after the war; With a clear anti-Soviet attitude, Franco was tantamount to vowing to the United States, consolidating his rule, while retaining the possibility of reconciliation with Western European countries. In terms of ruling the country, Franco pragmatically chose the role of the regent. While retaining the monarchy, he maximized his power and appointed Juan Carlos, a descendant of the Bourbon dynasty, as the heir to his family’s future. "Safe Landing" has been prepared. This set of operations shows Franco's characteristic of maximizing his own interests.
Franco is a great dictator, but he does not have a very obvious love and hate like Hitler. Because of his religious piety, he has become a relatively self-disciplined, unhappy with anger, extremely good at arguing among various forces, and always trying his best to maximize his own interests. A dictator with such a personality, even if he has preferences, would hardly show it, let alone let these things affect his judgment and affect his overall situation for a certain team.
Therefore, we cannot look at this person from the perspective of an ordinary "die loyal" fan of a certain team. He cannot think that football is greater than life and death or greater than politics. At best, football can only be used as a prop for his political performance. But one thing is certain, if he is really a fan, there is a high probability that he will not like Barcelona, after all, the liberalism and separation tendencies represented there.
Franco is a representative of the right-wing conservatives. His political logic obviously has a tendency to respect tradition and has a strong fascist background. The more he gains his position, the more he must prove himself, and will never allow the loss of territory in Spain under his rule (and at one time insisted on not letting go of the colonies), and insisted on "Great Spanishism" to severely suppress various separatism and regional self-control . The former autonomous regions of Catalonia and Basque have naturally become key "objects of care", and even local languages are not allowed to appear in public. The names of many teams have been changed according to Spanish.
After World War II, Franco-ruled Spain was considered the last bastion of the fascist regime, and football became a tool for him to reconcile with Western Europe and a stepping stone for integration into Europe. Franco needs to choose a team that can represent the image of the country. Real Madrid, which is located in the core area of the capital, is named after the royal family, and has achieved outstanding results in the European war, is obviously the best choice, but it is not that he likes Real Madrid. This high probability is just a relationship of mutual use. After all, Real Madrid can't compete with the government. A politician's ability to use football may exceed the understanding of ordinary fans.
The tribal identity and nationalism attributes of football are easy to use. Hitler and Mussolini have used them, and some military governments in Latin America have also used them. Franco is no exception. In addition to building an external image, football also has a magical effect in controlling Spain. It can channel the dissatisfaction of the masses in a "controllable conflict." Public resistance under Franco’s centralized rule is not allowed. After all, life is heavier. People who dissent usually tend to choose safer channels to express their thoughts. For example, football is a good way. Carrier.
The stability of the Franco regime is based on strict control and passive acceptance. Therefore, Franco used radio, television and other mass media to turn football matches into a large-scale "emotional vent" venue, and to guide the power and enthusiasm of the masses. , To divert the attention of workers from politics. Raymond Carr, the author of "History of Spain", pointed out: "Franco believes that with television and match days, people will have nothing to complain about." The wider spread of football has become a help for workers day after day. For the hard work of the day. When Real Madrid was portrayed as a “Franco’s team” and Barcelona was defined as a Catalan team, Athletic Bilbao was naturally a team that represented the Basques. This kind of conflict between groups of dissidents The intensity will be reduced, and the antagonism in society will be released with low intensity instead of a large-scale outbreak.
佛朗哥政权的稳定基于严格的控制和被动接受。因此，佛朗哥利用广播，电视和其他大众媒体将足球比赛变成了大规模的“情感发泄”场所，并指导了群众的力量和热情。 ，将工人的注意力从政治上转移开。 《西班牙历史》的作者雷蒙德·卡尔（Raymond Carr）指出：“弗兰科（Franco）相信，有了电视和比赛日，人们就没有什么可抱怨的了。”足球的广泛传播已日复一日地为工人提供了帮助。对于一天的辛苦工作。当皇马被形容为“弗兰科队”，巴塞罗那被定义为加泰罗尼亚队时，毕尔巴鄂竞技队自然是代表巴斯克人的球队。持不同政见者群体之间的这种冲突强度会降低，社会上的对抗会以低强度释放，而不是大规模爆发。
Judging from these political logics, there are conflicting conflicts about Franco and his senior officials often appearing at Real Madrid matches, and his agents in Catalonia helping Barcelona overcome the funding crisis and helping to build the Nou Camp. The rumors seem to be more reasonable. Through the reading of many materials, Franco does not seem to simply support a certain team, but under his game of power, in order to achieve as good a bowl as possible, after all, a "Great Hispanic" It is impossible to support Real Madrid by suppressing Barcelona. The operation of creating domestic contradictions is too inferior. This does not conform to Franco's personality or the political logic of his regime.
Explaining the big logic clearly, we will have a different feeling if we look at the many "bloody" evidences cited by Barcelona fans that the Franco regime suppressed the Barcelona team.
The evidence that Franco suppressed Barcelona usually has two interpretations, and both interpretations contradict each other.
For example, the famous 11-1 case.
Barcelona fans tend to force Franco officers to lose with guns; Real Madrid fans tend to be unable to withstand Real Madrid's "devil's home" momentum and the home team dare to fight. From the perspective of this article, these black and white conclusions are too simple. Real Madrid and Barcelona represent different groups of people. The contest between them can easily be overpowered. Both teams have suffered a hellish experience in their opponents' home courts. However, after Real Madrid's home game, the fans created this atmosphere even more intensely. The Spanish political atmosphere back then, the players were not as resistant as they are now, so they were defeated. The version I saw was not at all crazy. At that time, when the Barcelona players were discussing whether to give up in the second half during the intermission, they were just a policeman threatening the game.
Barcelona, which had fallen behind by a big score in the first half, didn't seem to be forced to lose. The more interesting thing happened after the game. The Spanish Football Association was very annoyed by the extremely chaotic situation on the match scene and the negative social impact caused, and fined the two teams, but Real Madrid's fine was only one-tenth of Barcelona's. It's really partial. Subsequently, the chairmen of the two teams resigned, probably because the chaotic situation conflicted with the Franco authorities' requirements for social order and absolute obedience, and "controllable conflict" could not develop uncontrollable.
Another example is the murder of a Barcelona executive.
Everyone knows that the President of Barcelona, Josep Sunor, was arrested and killed by Franco’s soldiers during the Civil War. Some people said it was a plot, some said it was an accident. The author’s understanding is that the two sides of the Spanish Civil War had nothing to do with the enemy. Differentiated slaughter, his death cannot be separated from Franco, but the deliberate murder is a bit out of reach. However, Nicolau Casaus, the former vice chairman of Barcelona, had pro-republican remarks and was really arrested (nearly shot) by the Franco regime as a political prisoner.
However, these situations occurred during the Civil War or during the period of large-scale liquidation. At that time, the world was indifferent to everything, and the high level of Barcelona did conflict with Franco. This also confirmed the conjecture that the great dictator did not like Barcelona. , But then changed his attitude again for political purposes.
In addition, the author also saw a piece of material saying that during the civil war, Real Madrid had a chairman named Antonio Ortega who was directly appointed by the government of the Second Republic. He was also responsible for preparing for the war, but he was defeated and captured and shot. It’s just not certain that its credibility, so I mention it here for your reference only.
Another example is the attribution of Di Stefano.
In 1948, there was a general strike in Argentina. Di Stefano and other players went to the Colombian League to seek a living. Later, Argentina and Colombia reached an agreement in Limada, the capital of Peru. "Arrow" from 1951-1954.
1948年，阿根廷发生了大罢工。迪·斯特凡诺（Di Stefano）和其他球员去了哥伦比亚联盟谋生。后来，阿根廷和哥伦比亚在秘鲁首都利马达达成协议。 1951-1954年的“箭头”。
At this time, the Spanish duo also took a fancy to the "Golden Arrow", while Barcelona found the riverbed to take the ownership, and Real Madrid found the millionaire to take the right to use. FIFA actually made a ruling in September 1953. In the four seasons of 1953-1957, Barcelona and Real Madrid shared the ownership of Di Stefano. Among them, Real Madrid used the first and third years, and Barcelona used the first. In the second and fourth years, such a "he thin mud" plan was completely rejected by both parties.
It is generally believed that Barcelona finally abandoned Di Stefano because of pressure from the Franco regime, but there is no direct evidence to prove it. Even if this assumption is true, Franco is Real Madrid's "iron fan" and must use public power to suppress Barcelona, why not make an early move? After all, that era was when Real Madrid lacked league titles most. The author thinks that the logical explanation may be this: Franco does not have special preferences on the team, and the entire Spanish football may be just a tool for him to exercise power, but at that time he and his fans believed that the capital team was more representative "Great Spanishism", and his natural resistance to Barcelona's spiritual temperament, which in turn led Barcelona to wisely give up persistence, and then "Golden Arrow" led Real Madrid to win the Champions League for five consecutive years, achieving Real Madrid today. Reinforced the great dictator to establish the image of Real Madrid as a "Franco team" in order to further achieve political goals through football.
A politician, especially a big dictator, sees football in the eyes, which is different from ordinary fans like us. Football may be the little pawn in the game of power. If Franco is a fan, it is likely that he will not like Barcelona from his background and experience; but from the perspective of Franco's political skills and the political logic of his regime, it is the most important thing to achieve political goals through football. , Persecuting a team is obviously too naive, and too fussy.